Round House construction

The most common type of Celtic dwelling was a round hut made from a frame of wood with walls of a mixture of mud, dung and branches; and covered with a conical roof made from thatch. There were many variations and sizes that ranged from small family sized buildings to huge multi-level buildings that had spaces for the livestock underneath with the living accommodation above.

The size of the house was a reflection of status - the bigger the house the more important the person living in it.
The Celts were more interested in decorating themselves with fine clothes and jewellery than in making grand houses.
Celtic society was rural; most of them lived in extended family groups that raised livestock and farmed the land.
Celtic settlements were often at the top of hills for security and communication with other settlements close by.
When an old roundhouse started to fall apart a new one would be built close by and the old one would be left to rot away.
There were no sanitary facilities. Water had to be brought from the nearest well or stream and the animals would often live amongst the people.

Fire was a constant threat. There was no hole in the roof for the smoke to escape out of; it would cause a draft that would drag the hot air through it, possibly causing the roof to set fire, so the smoke was allowed to build up and cool before slowly filtering away through the thatch.